The individual was sexed into readily available places, skull legs and you will pelvic morphology
The body was disposed whole-body in the east-west profile between grids A and B, at a depth of 1.30 m. Similarly, age was estimated from cranial and postcranial skeletal metamorphosis and dental wear . Height was estimated from skeletal measurements (heel to vertex) in situ. Individual 3+ is a juvenile or young adult, 17 to 25 years old, female, and measures approximately 149 cm. There are traces of red dye on the skull and forearms. Among the items found that accompanied or contained the body are a ceramic vessel, 11 freshwater mollusk shells, and over 500 fragments of plant material.
From the deepness anywhere between step one.29 and you may 0.98 meters, only limited to cities beneath (23%) and you will building a fringe lateral towards human body (77%), no less than 578 fragments of bush number (wood) were recorded, taking a macroscopic form of black colored and you may brownish cubes. This new systems of the fragments had been classified into Small, between step one and you can step 3 cm (341 fragments), Medium-Short three to six cm (89 fragments), Typical, 6 to ten cm (61 fragments), High, 10 so you’re able to a dozen cm (34 fragments), and extremely Higher, higher than twelve cm (53 fragments), aforementioned focused when you look at the distal groups.
An example away from 20 fragments out-of timber of different versions and you can out of additional groups try picked and delivered to possess personality in the Laboratorio de Dendroescrerologia y Catedra de Anatomia Vegetal del AUSMA, Universidad Nacional de Comahue, Argentina. The fresh timber is noticed around an enthusiastic optical microscope having event light regarding the around three symptomatic sections: cross (Fig 4A; S2 Fig), radial longitudinal or axial (Fig 4B; S3 Fig) and you may tangential longitudinal or axial (Fig 4C; S4 Fig). It absolutely was finished in the observations the wood originated in a good Gymnosperm (certainly tracheid timber). On radial section, bullet or oval tracheids which have uniseriate pits were noticed (Fig 4B), demonstrating the wood try off Austrocedrus chilensis “Chilean cedar”. One of several characteristics of one’s decide to try, it actually was noted you to 29% of the Large and incredibly Higher specimens, we.elizabeth. people large enough to possess superficial changes as noticed, present temperatures alteration solely on the face mainly based for the muscles, or internal face in the case of a bin. Regardless of the fragmentation of attempt, brand new structural characteristics of your own fragments recommend that he could be removed from 1 forest, and projection of the basics of one’s increases groups implies a single trunk out of diameter bigger than 0.70 m (Fig 4A).
Your body is actually with valves of your freshwater mollusc Diplodon chilensis, many of which are partial-done and you can lie less than and also in head experience of skeleton such as since the humerus and you can femur. New shells conserve a level of integrity and you may fragments of periostracum are present, of which it is inferred that they was put-on the fresh new foot of the wood basket through to the looks is actually laid in they. About three semi-over specimens expose red-colored nutrient colorants to their outside skin. That it types of mollusc is positioned only 300 yards find a sugar daddy in Detroit MI away to the this new shores off Lacar Lake. Valves with the varieties are filed inside funerary and you will domestic contexts during the internet sites towards one another slopes of your Andes [18, 19].
Beside the body, to the left of the cranium and on the same vertical level, a pottery vessel was deposited ; it is a bottle or jug with a spherical body and a formatted or flat base, cylindrical neck, and mouth with signs of a pouring-lip. It has a handle consisting of a vertical strip fixed between the body and the rim, opposite the lip. It was fired with oxidation; the clay is compact and schist-like, red in colour with quartz inclusions (Fig 5). It has a white glaze and geometric patterns in red paint on several distinct panels on the body and neck. The motifs are: parallel lines dividing the body and neck into horizontal segments; reticulated figures round the neck; and vertical parallel bands distributed round the body where triangular figures composed of lines alternate with clepsydras or triangles joined by their vertex. This piece forms a typological or singular group (bottle or jug with narrow mouth and pouring-lip), previously unknown at least among the morphological and technical variants of the El Vergel pottery complex ; it is part of the (pre-Hispanic) Red on White Bichrome tradition, of the Late Pottery period in the regional ceramics sequence . Given the chronology of this piece, it is one of the earliest records of use as a funerary item. Like other features, its tilted position and height, close to the face of Individual 3+, suggest that the wooden container was concave in shape and of restricted size, and that the base in this part was elevated.